Download Turkey and the European Union: Internal Dynamics and by Joseph S. Joseph (eds.) PDF

By Joseph S. Joseph (eds.)

Show description

Read or Download Turkey and the European Union: Internal Dynamics and External Challenges PDF

Best middle eastern books

Soldiers, Shahs and Subalterns in Iran: Opposition, Protest and Revolt, 1921-1941

Opposed to traditional perspectives of the unchallenged hegemony of a modernizing monarchy, this e-book argues that energy was once always contested in Riza Shah's Iran. Cronin excavates the successive demanding situations to Riza Shah's regime posed through various subaltern social teams and seeks to revive to those teams a feeling in their old organization.

Nazi Germany and the Arab World

This e-book considers the evolving strategic pursuits and overseas coverage motive of the 3rd Reich towards the Arabic-speaking international, from Hitlers assumption of strength in January 1933 to 1944, a 12 months following the ultimate Axis defeat in and expulsion from North Africa in may possibly 1943. It does so in the context of 2 relevant, interconnected concerns within the greater heritage of nationwide Socialism and the 3rd Reich, specifically Nazi geopolitical pursuits and objectives and the regimes racial ideology and coverage.

Additional info for Turkey and the European Union: Internal Dynamics and External Challenges

Sample text

3, there is no uniform trend in income inequality immediately after EU membership. In two countries, income inequality has remained constant after accession. This is the case for Greece (accession in 1981) and Portugal (accession in 1985). In one country (Ireland), income inequality seems to have fallen from the date of accession (1973) to the early 1980s, but to have increased in the mid 1980s. Finally, in one country (Spain) income inequality seems to have increased from mid 1980s (accession in 1985) to the early 1990s.

The estimates above are in addition to what Harrison et al. 5 per cent of the benchmark level in early 1990s. Further integration in the single market can also be expected to generate trade-related benefits. 5 per cent of Turkish GDP at the end of the 1990s. However, existing theories also suggest that EU membership can affect Turkish GDP growth through other channels too. Two such channels are especially significant: (1) the policy credibility channel, and (2) the signalling channel. What underpins the accession’s Mehmet Ugur 23 impact through these channels is the structural break with the old policy framework.

Statistics; 19. Social policy and employment (including antidiscrimination and equal opportunities for women and men); 20. Enterprise and industrial policy; 21. Trans-European networks; 22. Regional policy and coordination of structural instruments; 23. Judiciary and fundamental rights; 24. Justice, freedom and security; 25. Science and research; 26. Education and culture; 27. Environment; 28. Consumer and health protection; 29. Customs union; 30. External relations; 31. Foreign, security and defence policy; 32.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.04 of 5 – based on 4 votes