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By Francis R. Nicosia

This publication considers the evolving strategic pursuits and international coverage cause of the 3rd Reich towards the Arabic-speaking global, from Hitlers assumption of energy in January 1933 to 1944, a yr following the ultimate Axis defeat in and expulsion from North Africa in may well 1943. It does so in the context of 2 primary, interconnected concerns within the higher background of nationwide Socialism and the 3rd Reich, specifically Nazi geopolitical pursuits and goals and the regimes racial ideology and coverage. This booklet defines the fairly restricted geopolitical pursuits of Nazi Germany within the heart East and North Africa in the context of its relationships with the opposite ecu nice powers and its regulations with reference to the Arabs and Jews who lived in these components.

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Nazi Germany and the Arab World

This booklet considers the evolving strategic pursuits and overseas coverage reason of the 3rd Reich towards the Arabic-speaking global, from Hitlers assumption of energy in January 1933 to 1944, a yr following the ultimate Axis defeat in and expulsion from North Africa in could 1943. It does so in the context of 2 valuable, interconnected matters within the greater heritage of nationwide Socialism and the 3rd Reich, particularly Nazi geopolitical pursuits and goals and the regimes racial ideology and coverage.

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Strategically, of course, this was necessary to block AngloFrench access to southern Russia through the straits separating Europe and Anatolia. A similar strategic need to keep Turkey separated from its wartime opponents would confront Nazi Germany beginning in 1939, in that particular instance through the maintenance of strict Turkish neutrality. In his classic study of the German-Ottoman alliance during the First World War, Ulrich Trumpener considers Imperial Germany’s policy in the eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East since the 1880s.

Indeed, Germany’s foes in the war, Britain and France, had already publicly adopted the cause of “Arab independence” in Egypt, the Fertile Crescent, and the Arabian Peninsula as an Allied war aim in the Middle East by 1916 with the 12 Reprinted in the Zionist newspaper in Germany, the Jüdische Rundschau, 2 März 1934. Continuity and Departure: Imperial and Weimar Germany 25 so-called Arab revolt. This public position in Allied wartime propaganda, including the private promises made in 1915 on behalf of the British government by the British high commissioner in Egypt, Sir Henry McMahon, to Sharif Hussein in Mecca, did not reflect Allied intent.

A central part of the appeal was to link Jews, Zionism, and the Jewish National Home in Palestine to an alleged British and American imperial agenda in the region. In the end, wartime Axis propaganda toward the Arabs was not unlike Anglo-French efforts to incite the Arab populations in the Fertile Crescent and the Arabian Peninsula against their Ottoman imperial overlords during the First World War. With promises of liberation and vague references to Arab national self-determination at the core of both Allied and Axis propaganda efforts in the two World Wars respectively, the question naturally arises about the real intent of those making such promises.

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