By Ephraim Kahana
Given the rivalries and suspicions winning within the heart East, it isn't mind-blowing that the majority of those states are very curious about espionage and infiltration. With the extra danger of terrorism, nuclear guns, a wide U.S. army presence, and the Arab-Israeli clash, the result's an impressively busy intelligence undefined, proportionately higher and extra vast than in such a lot different regions.
The Historical Dictionary of heart East Intelligence addresses intelligence matters within the area from historic background and the center a long time via glossy occasions, masking the decline of the Ottoman Empire, intelligence job within the heart East in the course of and among the 2 global wars, and the interaction among colonial and native intelligence and counterintelligence firms of the interval. It additionally provides the particularly new fundamentalist terrorist enterprises that experience had an important influence on diplomacy and at the constitution and deployment of intelligence, counterintelligence, and different defense organs within the heart East at the present time. With a chronology, an introductory essay, and over three hundred cross-referenced dictionary entries on very important occasions and key corporations concerned about all facets of intelligence amassing and research, in addition to the biographies of key gamers, this can be an immense reference at the present state of affairs within the heart East.
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Given the rivalries and suspicions winning within the center East, it isn't fabulous that the majority of those states are very fascinated by espionage and infiltration. With the extra risk of terrorism, nuclear guns, a wide U. S. army presence, and the Arab-Israeli clash, the result's an impressively busy intelligence undefined, proportionately better and extra huge than in so much different areas.
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Extra resources for Historical Dictionary of Middle Eastern Intelligence (Historical Dictionaries of Intelligence and Counterintelligence)
By the 1960s, the Soviet Union and East Germany had begun to play important advisory and training roles in Iraq, Syria, the former People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen, and Libya. The Cold War’s players were right in the midst of the petroleum-rich Middle East. Rival and overlapping services were created to check authority and autonomy, and the result was factionalism. Some rulers—those of Syria and Iraq provide examples—appointed close relatives to key intelligence posts. For instance, in Syria, Rifat al-Asad, the brother of President Hafez al-Asad, was head of Syria’s intelligence service and was linked to the Red Knights.
He was born in the mandate of Palestine, and after the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948 he fled with his parents to Egypt, where he spent his youth. In 1954, he was arrested in Egypt for laying mines in the Gaza Strip. The next year, he infiltrated Israel from the Egyptian border and attacked Israeli water installations. In 1959, he met Yasser Arafat and joined his group. Abu Jihad became one of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) leaders, and after the Peace of Galilee operation in 1982, he fled with Arafat to Tunisia.
The entire scene was recorded by FBI bugging devices, and the tape was presented to local prosecutors, thereby wrecking the FBI operation while documenting the presence of the ANO in the United States. See also ABU NIDAL’S ASSASSINATION. ABU NIDAL’S ASSASSINATION. In the early 1970s and again in the 1990s, Iraq hosted the headquarters of the Abu Nidal Organization (ANO), one of the most active Palestinian terrorist organizations, responsible for killing some 300 people. Its leader, Sabri al-Banna, whose nickname was Abu Nidal or “Father of Struggle,” was found ABU NIDAL’S ASSASSINATION • 9 murdered in his apartment in Baghdad on 19 August 2002 together with two of his top operatives.