By Andrew Feenber
The applied sciences, markets, and administrations of today's wisdom society are in main issue. we are facing routine failures in each area: weather swap, power shortages, fiscal meltdown. The method is damaged, regardless of every little thing the technocrats declare to grasp approximately technology, expertise, and economics. those difficulties are exacerbated through the truth that at the present time strong applied sciences have unexpected results that disrupt daily life; the hot masters of know-how aren't constrained by means of the teachings of expertise, and speed up swap to the purpose the place society is in consistent turmoil. In among cause and event, best thinker of know-how Andrew Feenberg makes a case for the interdependence of reason--scientific wisdom, technical rationality--and adventure. Feenberg examines varied facets of the tangled courting among expertise and society from the viewpoint of serious conception of expertise, an procedure he has pioneered over the last two decades. Feenberg issues to 2 examples of democratic interventions into expertise: the net (in which person initiative has stimulated layout) and the environmental circulate (in which technological know-how coordinates with protest and policy). He examines methodological purposes of severe thought of expertise to the case of the French Minitel computing community and to the connection among nationwide tradition and know-how in Japan. ultimately, Feenberg considers the philosophies of expertise of Heidegger, Habermas, Latour, and Marcuse. The sluggish extension of democracy into the technical sphere, Feenberg argues, is without doubt one of the nice political variations of our time.
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Additional info for Between Reason and Experience: Essays in Technology and Modernity (Inside Technology)
Yet the illusion of essential conﬂict is renewed whenever major social changes affect technology. At ﬁrst, satisfying the demands of new groups after the fact has visible costs and, if it is done clumsily, will indeed reduce efﬁciency until better designs are found. But usually better designs are found, and what appeared to be insuperable obstacles to growth dissolve in the face of technological change. This situation indicates the essential difference between economic exchange and technique. Exchange is all about trade-offs: more of A means less of B.
These resistances, like the environmental movement, challenge the horizon of rationality under which technology is currently designed. Rationalization in our society responds to a particular deﬁnition of technology as a means to proﬁt and power. A broader understanding of technology suggests a very different notion of rationalization based on responsibility for the human and natural contexts of technical action. I call this “democratic rationalization” because it requires technological advances that can be made only in opposition to the dominant hegemony.
Modernity and technology are mutually interdependent. It is inconceivable that people living in small impoverished villages could sustain the form of life we associate with modernity. Critics who valorize craft over modern technology, the village and local bartering over the city and worldwide trade, implicitly question our identity as modern human beings. If regression to traditional village life is the solution, can the problem be worse? This is most people’s reaction to the idea of de-development.