By Paul E Corcoran
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Extra resources for Before Marx: Socialism and Communism in France, 1830–48
Marx and F. Engels, Selected Works, 3 vols (Moscow, 1969), vol. I, p. 103. Works by Marx and Engels, unless otherwise specified, will be cited from this collection, by original title, volume and page. Fran~ois-Noel ('Gracchus') Babeuf (1760-97) was the great martyr and saint of the post-Revolutionary egalitarian and communist tradition. Executed with other conspirators for his leading role in plotting against those who had 'stolen' the Revolution, the ideas Babeuf set down in his Manifeste des plebeiens (1795) were propagated with great success by one of his co-conspirators, Philippe Buonarroti, who escaped imprisonment and execution because of his Italian citizenship.
180-4; and R. C. Tucker, The Marxian Revolutionary Idea (London, 1970), and Philosophy and Myth in Karl Marx (Cambridge, 1965), where Tucker reaches, at p. ' A. Roche, 'Sur les pretendues doctrines de 93', Revue encyclopedique, LX (Oct. 1833), pp. 6-7, 27. E. Cabet, Le Cataclysme social (Paris, 2 May 1845 ), pp. 20-1. Leroux had argued this in 'Aux Politiques', Revue independante, I (Nov. 1841) p. 327. -]. Pillot traced the popular revolutionary tradition as a peculiarly French contribution in La Tribune du peuple, I (1839), p.
Richelot, 'De l'avenir du monde selon M. de Chateaubriand', Revue du progres social, VI (June 1834), pp. 676-82, is a young defender of 'Ia cause sociale' against the 'old athlete of Christianity' who laments the decay, levelling, and stultification of democracy. Cabet published a R£futation (Sept. 1842) against L. Reybaud's 'Idees et sectes communistes', which mercilessly ridiculed Cabet along with Leroux and Proudhon for their 'hymns in honour of material felicity', p. 27. Dezamy issued a 'Refutation' in L'Egalitaire, I (June 1840), pp.