By Lesley Durbin
Supplying arms on recommendation for the conservator, Architectural Tiles: Conservation and recovery is a different and worthy guide.
Topics lined provide useful tips on conservation and recovery innovations together with the issues of manufacture, cleansing, substitute or fix and mortars. recommendations are illustrated by means of entire case stories, opposed to a history of the function of earlier architects and architects in ancient schemes.
* precise consultant to the conservation and recovery of architectural tiles
* overseas case reports supply notion and information for most sensible practice
* examine from the author's twenty years event within the box
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Extra info for Architectural Tiles: Conservation and Restoration
The indents were filled with light coloured clay, which may have been in slip form or may have been soft clay depending on the individual tile maker. The surface was then pared down, as described previously, to reveal the sharp edges of the design and also provide a flat surface on which to apply a coating of glaze. The glaze was not always clear, greens or yellows were often used to give a variety of colour to the coated light clays. This was the method which was later taken up by Herbert Minton in the early stages of Victorian mass production.
As a consequence of their use as a wall covering they were constructed to be light in weight and relatively thin. Early tiles were about 18 mm thick, but the thickness became reduced to approximate 6 to 7 mm thick in the eighteenth century. 7 Hallway tiles in a Dutch interior dating from 1731. 8 Skirting tiles in a Dutch interior dating from 1669. The body clay of delftware tiles was usually dug locally to the site of manufacture; it is rich in calcium carbonate and fine sand deposited as silt from waterways, the addition of marl clay from different locations was sometimes included in a carefully balanced mix which slightly from place to place.
Many architects were also still favouring tiles as a medium to express the simplicity of geometrical form and function. Carter’s of Poole took a leading role in the market providing tiles for architect designed art deco inspired interiors. 18). The interiors which most typify the move from architectural use of tiles as a design form in their own right to a merely functional use to provide cleanliness and durability are the below ground tiled interiors of London Underground. 16 Catalogue example of art deco tiles made by Craven Dunnill in the 1930s.