Download Arabic: An Essential Grammar by Faruk Abu-Chacra PDF

By Faruk Abu-Chacra

Arabic: a vital Grammar is an updated and sensible reference consultant to an important facets of the language. compatible for newcomers, in addition to intermediate scholars, this publication bargains a robust beginning for studying the basic grammar and constitution of Arabic.

The complexities of the language are set out in brief, readable sections, and routines and examples are supplied all through. The booklet is perfect for self sufficient inexperienced persons in addition to for lecture room study.

Features of this booklet include:

- assurance of the Arabic script and alphabet
- a bankruptcy on Arabic handwriting
- a advisor to pronunciation
- complete examples all through.

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Additional resources for Arabic: An Essential Grammar

Sample text

Is called la¯ m- alif and written as ‫ َﻻ‬or ‫ﻼ‬ َ ‫ـ‬.... /la¯ / (not as ‫)َﻟـﺎ‬. g. 3 Alif maqsu¯ rah ˙ The long vowel /a¯ / at the end of a word can be written with alif ‫ ـَﺎ‬... or, in some words, with ya¯ , but without dots ‫ َـﻰ‬... g. ˙ ala¯ , on ‫ َرَوى‬rawa¯ , to tell ‫ َرَﻣﻰ‬rama¯ , to throw Note: Certain rules explained in later chapters govern which one of the two alifs is to be used in a word. 4 Dagger or miniature alif In some common words the long vowel /a¯ / is written with a miniature alif, also called dagger alif.

G. ‫ ُﻧـﻮٌر‬nu¯run, light ... g. ‫ ِدﻳـٌﻦ‬dı-nun, religion Note: In some books long vowels are transliterated as double vowels. Here we use the macron above the vowel to indicate length. ‫ﻟـ‬ ‫ـﺎ‬... is called la¯ m- alif and written as ‫ َﻻ‬or ‫ﻼ‬ َ ‫ـ‬.... /la¯ / (not as ‫)َﻟـﺎ‬. g. 3 Alif maqsu¯ rah ˙ The long vowel /a¯ / at the end of a word can be written with alif ‫ ـَﺎ‬... or, in some words, with ya¯ , but without dots ‫ َـﻰ‬... g. ˙ ala¯ , on ‫ َرَوى‬rawa¯ , to tell ‫ َرَﻣﻰ‬rama¯ , to throw Note: Certain rules explained in later chapters govern which one of the two alifs is to be used in a word.

6) ahabba l-musa¯ firu l-qaryata. 2 ˙ The traveller 1liked the village. 2 1 . ‫ﺻـًﺔ‬ َ ‫ﺳـَّﻴـﺎَرًة‬ َ ‫ﺐ ْﻟـُﻤِﺪﻳُﺮ‬ َ ‫َرِﻛ‬ َّ ‫ﺧـﺎ‬ (7) rakiba l-mudıru sayya¯ ratan ha¯ ssatan. ˘ ˙ ˙ 2car. The director 1rode (in) 3a private 3 2 1 . ‫ﻀُﺔ‬ َ ‫ﺖ َْﻷِﻣﻴَﺮُة ْﻟـَﻤِﺮﻳـ‬ ِ ‫َﻣﺎَﺗ‬ (8) ma¯ tati l- amı-ratu l-marı-datu. ˙ 2 1 . ‫ﻛِﺒﻴَﺮٌة‬ َ ‫ﺨـَﺮٌة‬ ْ ‫ﺻَـ‬ 2 ‫ﺖ‬ ْ ‫َوَﻗَﻌ‬ 1 (9) waqa at sahratun kabı-ratun. ˙ ˘ 1fell down. A big 2rock . ‫ﺴـَﺮى‬ ْ ‫ﺟَﻞ ْﻟُﻴ‬ ْ َ‫ﺴَﺮ ْﻟَﻌﺎِﻣُﻞ ﻟّﺮ‬ َ ‫َﻛ‬ (10) kasara l- a¯ milu r-rig˘ la l-yusra¯ .

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