By J. J. Methvin
Early in 1867 Kiowa leader Many Bears paid the Mescalero Apache one mule, buffalo gowns, and a crimson blanket to buy ten-year-old José Andrés Martínez. kidnapped close to his domestic in Las Vegas, New Mexico, in October 1866, he grew to become Many Bears's grandson, Andele. He fast tailored to his new lifestyles, grew to manhood one of the Kiowa, took half in Kiowa raiding events while he grew to become 16, and 3 occasions married Kiowa women.
Confined to a reservation in Oklahoma after 1875, Andele within the Eighties sought to reclaim his former existence and again to his relations in Las Vegas. yet in 1889, feeling "his pursuits have been all pointed out with the Kiowa, and that he had realized to like them," he back to the reservation, taught commercial arts on the organization tuition, and aided the Kiowa in safety in their lands. within the Nineties Andele all started serving as a source to a new release of anthropologists learning Kiowa and Apache society. His captivity narrative, released in 1899 through the Methodist missionary J. J. Methvin, is a useful eyewitness description of Plains Indians. it really is reissued with an creation through ethnohistorian James F. Brooks of the college of Maryland.
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Extra resources for Andele, The Mexican-Kiowa Captive: A Story of Real Life Among the Indians
John puts the date in the later half of 1806. 34. John, "An Earlier Chapter," pp. 38991. 35. Forrest D. , "The Kiowas and New Mexico, 18001845, Journal of the West Vol. 8, No. 1 (January, 1969) pp. 6775. 36. Charles L. Kenner, The Comanchero Frontier, p. 115ff. 37. s. 37 (1935) pp. 42028. Alice Marriott, in The Ten Grandmothers (Norman, 1945) pp. " 38. I have here simplified the categories and orthographies of Kiowa ranks, drawing upon the most thorough treatment of rank and social status among the Kiowas in Bernard Mishkin, Rank and Warfare Among the Plains Indians (Lincoln, 1992) esp.
In 1871, some Kiowas attacked the Warren wagon train in Jack County, Texas, killing seven teamsters and stealing forty-one mules. Grierson ordered the leaders arrested, and the Kiowas lost an important warrior when Satank (Set-an-gya or Sitting Bear) attempted to escape imprisonment and was killed by soldiers outside Ft. Sill. Satanta (Set-tam-te or White Bear) and Ado'eette (Big Tree) also suffered arrest and prosecution at this time. Satanta's sentence was commuted two years later, but he found himself imprisoned again after the Wichita Agency Uprising and Red River War of 187475.
20. Santa Fe Baptisms, Archdiocesan Archives of Santa Fe, January 20, 1819, for Paubla's baptismal information. Page 19 21. See John O. Baxter, Las Carneradas: Sheep Trade in New Mexico, 17001860 (Albuquerque, 1987). 22. For this expansion, see Francis Swadesh Quintana, Pobladores: His-panic Americans of the Ute Frontier (Aztec, 1991 ). 23. Charles L. Kenner, The Comanchero Frontier (Norman, 1994); also Frances Levine, "Economic Perspectives on the Comanchero Trade," in Katherine A.