By Robert F. Pennell
Robert Franklin Pennell (1850, Maine – 1905, San Francisco) used to be an American educator and classicist.
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Those essays have been initially meant for presentation to Professor Erwin Ramsdell Goodenough at the get together of his seventy-fifth birthday. sooner than his demise, in March, 1965, he knew of our plans for this quantity and was once gladdened via them . . . The editor hopes that those papers, a lot of which fruitfully make the most of Goodenough's scholarship, may well give a contribution to the serious dialogue of a few difficulties of shock to him in the course of his lifetime.
Evidences and commonalities explored from historic guy worldwide! - Why constructions echoing the Tower of Babel were recreated on nearly each continent and significant tradition - What artifacts and archaeology, know-how and innovation, particularly demonstrate in regards to the starting place of mankind - Why many biblical symbols (rainbows, human sacrifice, mountains, the Son/ solar worship) have been, and remain, distorted in pagan non secular practices - What the old checklist finds approximately Satan’s “counterfeit” of God’s plan for humanity worldwide there are comparable findings of historic religions, towns and towers, global commute, complicated astronomy, and civilized executive.
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Who has now not visible an image of the nice Pyramid of Egypt, great in dimension yet deceptively basic healthy, and never puzzled how that form was resolute? beginning within the past due eighteenth century, 11 major theories have been proposed to provide an explanation for the form of the nice Pyramid. even supposing a few of these theories are popular, there hasn't ever been a close exam in their origins and dissemination. 20 years of study utilizing unique and difficult-to-obtain resource fabric has allowed Roger Herz-Fischler to piece jointly the fascinating tale of those theories. Archaeological facts and old Egyptian mathematical texts are mentioned for you to position the theories of their right ancient context. The theories themselves are tested, no longer as summary mathematical discourses, yet as writings by way of person authors, either renowned and vague, who have been prompted by way of the highbrow and social weather in their time. between effects mentioned are the shut hyperlinks of a few of the pyramid theories with different theories, corresponding to the idea of evolution, in addition to the connection among the pyramid theories and the fight opposed to the advent of the metric method. Of specific word is the bankruptcy interpreting how a few theories unfold while others have been rejected. This ebook has been written to be available to a large viewers, but 4 appendixes, special endnotes and an exhaustive bibliography supply experts with the references anticipated in a scholarly paintings.
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Additional info for Ancient Rome, from the earliest times down to 476 A. D
B. Of the ROMAN COLONIES, mostly maritime, now numbering seven, but finally increased to thirty-five. c. Of the MUNICIPIA (towns bound to service). d. Of the PRAEFECTÚRAE (towns governed by a praefect, who was sent from Rome and appointed by the Praetor). The DEPENDENT COMMUNITIES were made up,— a. Of the LATIN (military) COLONIES, now numbering twenty-two, afterwards increased 40 to thirty-five. b. Of the ALLIES of Rome (Socii), whose cities and adjoining territory composed more than one half of the country controlled by Rome.
This time was employed by the Samnites in endeavoring to unite Italy against Rome. They were joined by the UMBRIANS, GAULS, and ETRUSCANS. The LUCANIANS alone were with Rome. The war was of short duration, and was practically decided by the sanguinary battle of SENTINUM (295) in Umbria. The Samnites, led by Gellius Egnatius, were routed by the Roman Consuls QUINTUS FABIUS MAXIMUS and PUBLIUS DECIUS MUS. In this battle the struggle was long and doubtful. The Samnites were assisted by the Gauls, who were showing themselves more than a match for the part of the Roman army opposed to them, and commanded by Decius.
The fleet with its commander was captured. In the second engagement, off Mylae, all the Roman fleet under GAIUS DUILIUS took part. The Carthaginians were led by Hannibal, son of Gisco. The newly invented stages or boarding-bridges of the Romans were found to be very effective. The enemy could not approach near without these bridges descending with their grappling irons and holding them fast to the Romans. The Carthaginians were defeated, with the loss of nearly half their fleet. A bronze column, ornamented with the beaks of the captured vessels, was erected at Rome in honor of this victory of Duilius.