Download An Introduction to Climate Change Economics and Policy by Felix R. FitzRoy, Elissaios Papyrakis PDF

By Felix R. FitzRoy, Elissaios Papyrakis

Curiosity in weather switch has generated a mountain of literature leaving many floundering within the sheer flood of data, statement, claims and projects. This hugely obtainable booklet assumes no earlier wisdom and cuts during the confusion to provide an explanation for the main monetary and coverage concerns regarding weather switch in uncomplicated language and with just a couple of records. insurance slices around the breadth and intensity of weather switch, offering brief summaries of the main correct study and conclusions from a variety of disciplines. The authors spotlight the place economists and coverage makers usually misunderstand the technological know-how of weather switch, underestimate the hazards of runaway warming and exaggerate the prices of radical measures to stabilize the weather. A key concentration is the impression of weather swap on global agriculture, the world's most vital task. The authors offer a severe exam of ways present rules that advertise negative water utilization and soil erosion are risking a catastrophic cave in of agriculture within the poorest and such a lot populous international locations in a warming international. they appear on the suggestions akin to how no-till, conservation farming, 3rd new release biofuels from waste land, replacement power, and bio-char creation to elevate sustainable yields, lessen emissions and sequester carbon in soil. the second one, an important thrust is a severe exam of the expansion economic system paradigm of wealthy nations that's riding weather swap. The authors examine financial measures to regulate weather swap together with switching taxes from hard work to carbon and subsidies from fossil and nuclear power to renewable possible choices in addition to call for administration and effort saving. total the e-book presents a entire, severe creation to the problems and highlights the most rules which are had to start up the transformation to sustainability and evade the worst hazards of weather disaster.

Show description

Read or Download An Introduction to Climate Change Economics and Policy PDF

Best nanostructures books

History of Strength of Materials

This wonderful historic survey of the energy of fabrics positive factors many references to the theories of elasticity and constitution. 245 figures.

Nano-society : pushing the boundaries of technology

Significant expertise shifts don't occur in a single day and infrequently are they the results of a unmarried leap forward discovery. Nowhere is that this truer than for the huge set of allowing applied sciences that we've got come to easily name "nanotechnology". instead of status at the shoulders of some highbrow giants, nanotechnologies are created via tens of hundreds of thousands of researchers and scientists engaged on minute and occasionally arcane facets in their fields of workmanship in parts as assorted as medication, telecommunications, sun cells, filtration, coatings, or ever smaller transistors for digital units.

Metal nanoparticles for catalysis : advances and applications

Catalysis is a valuable subject in chemical transformation and effort conversion. because of the stunning achievements of colloidal chemistry and the synthesis of nanomaterials over the past 20 years, there have additionally been major advances in nanoparticle catalysis. Catalysis on diversified steel nanostructures with well-defined buildings and composition has been widely studied.

Polymer Nanoclay Composites

There's a significant loss of basic wisdom and figuring out at the interplay among a filler and the polymer matrix. by way of nanoscale fillers, equivalent to layered silicates, carbon nanotubes, graphene or cellulose nanofibers it's much more very important to understand exact structure-property relationships in addition to selecting the parameters influencing fabric habit.

Extra info for An Introduction to Climate Change Economics and Policy

Example text

Instead of ploughing, conservation low-till (or no-till) methods leave crop residue on the surface (without ploughing and with little or no cultivation) to form a mulch or organic cover that retains moisture and protects the soil from erosion. Additionally, a leguminous cover crop such as clover can be grown after the main harvest to fix atmospheric nitrogen and replace expensive and polluting artificial nitrogen fertilizer. Seed is sown in narrow slits cut through residue and surface soil. A common disadvantage of such minimum tillage farming is the increased use of herbicides to control weeds, but this can be reduced in the long run by crop rotation, biological pest control or rolling the cover crop as described below.

However, it is important to realize that growing populations in the poorest countries – and poorest classes – are putting severe strain on some of the most vulnerable environments as competition for resources increases, with about 80 million extra mouths to feed every year. In particular, deforestation and 26 AN INTRODUCTION TO CLIMATE CHANGE ECONOMICS AND POLICY overgrazing for fuel and subsistence by poor rural populations are major causes of soil erosion and desertification all over the developing world.

A major benefit is that resistance to drought and wind and water erosion is dramatically improved, while the cost of energy-intensive ploughing and chemical inputs is avoided. In the poorest developing countries, simple hand tools can replace specialized seed planting equipment used elsewhere, so lack of knowledge among traditional farming populations remains the chief barrier to widespread adoption. In addition to erosion, the most subtle damage from the combination of monoculture cropping, ploughing and intensive chemical use is the destruction of soil micro-organisms and organic matter.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.36 of 5 – based on 20 votes