Download Algebra IX: Finite Groups of Lie Type Finite-Dimensional by R. W. Carter (auth.), A. I. Kostrikin, I. R. Shafarevich PDF

By R. W. Carter (auth.), A. I. Kostrikin, I. R. Shafarevich (eds.)

The finite teams of Lie style are of imperative mathematical value and the matter of figuring out their irreducible representations is of serious curiosity. The illustration conception of those teams over an algebraically closed box of attribute 0 used to be constructed by way of P.Deligne and G.Lusztig in 1976 and for this reason in a sequence of papers by means of Lusztig culminating in his booklet in 1984. the aim of the 1st a part of this booklet is to offer an summary of the topic, with out together with particular proofs. the second one half is a survey of the constitution of finite-dimensional department algebras with many define proofs, giving the elemental conception and strategies of development after which is going directly to a deeper research of department algebras over valuated fields. An account of the multiplicative constitution and decreased K-theory provides fresh paintings at the topic, together with that of the authors. therefore it kinds a handy and intensely readable creation to a box which within the final 20 years has obvious a lot progress.

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Since the variety G also has a group structure its tangent space T(G)l at the identity admits the structure ofa Lie algebra. We write L(G) = T(G)l' regarded as a Lie algebra. The group G acts on its Lie algebra L(G) in the following manner. For each x E G we have a map ix: G ~ G given by iAg) = xgx- 1 • ix is an automorphism of G and we have iAl) = 1. Then the differential of ix at 1 is a map di x : L(G) ~ L(G). We write Adx = di x. The map x ~ Adx gives a representation of G by automorphisms of L( G).

For each X E L(G) we define ad X: L(G) ~ L(G) by ad X. Y = [XY]. Then for each nilpotent element e E L(G) ad e is a nilpotent linear map on L(G). If the base field has characteristic 0 then we I. On the Representation of the Finite Groups of Lie Type 27 have a map e --+ exp ad e from JV to IfIJ which is bijective and which is compatible with the G-actions on JV and 1fIJ. If K has characteristic p this map cannot always be defined. e. p #- 2 for types B/, C/, D/; p #- 2, 3 for types G2 , F4 , E6 , E7 ; and p #- 2, 3, 5 for type E 8 ), there exists a bijective morphism from IfIJ to JV which is compatible with the G-actions.

7 The Bala-Carter Theorem We now consider arbitrary nilpotent elements, not necessarily distinguished. Any parabolic subgroup P of G has a semi-direct product decomposition Lp is a connected reductive group called a Levi subgroup of P. :p is a connected semisimple group. Any subgroup of G which has the form Lp for some parabolic subgroup of G will be called (by abuse of terminology) a Levi subgroup of G. Similarly any subalgebra of L( G) of the form L(Lp) will be called a Levi subalgebra of L(G).

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