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By Samuel Willard Crompton

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From Byblus and Sidon, Alexander took ships that were the beginnings of his own fleet. Then he went a little further south and stopped at Tyre. Alexander wanted to sacrifice to a god whom the Tyrians worshipped. This god resembled the Greek god Heracles (or Hercules). S 48 EGYPT’S NEW GOD The city of Tyre was legendary for being able to resist sieges throughout the ages. However, Alexander wanted it for strategic purposes and subjected it to a nine-month siege. After finally conquering Tyre, Alexander ended up crucifying the dead and selling the rest of the people into slavery.

Athens and Thebes held major victory celebrations. The Spartan warriors, who arrived late, had to go home without having won any laurels. C. The throne went to his son Xerxes, who planned a major invasion of Greece to avenge the defeat at Marathon. Xerxes sent couriers and messages to all parts of the vast Persian Empire. , Xerxes led approximately 300,000 men, drawn from as far away as Bactria and Gedrosia. The Persians crossed the Hellespont, the body of water between Asia Minor and Europe, by building a bridge of boats.

There was no more resistance, and the way to the Persian heartland lay open. 59 60 ALEXANDER THE GREAT Alexander moved slowly toward Babylon. This was a fabled city, first the capital of the Babylonian empire, and then one of the sub-capitals of Persia. The Babylonians opened their gates to Alexander as word of the Battle of Gaugamela had spread fast. Alexander had achieved more than any Macedonian or Greek leader to this point. But he wanted more; he wanted to enter the great Persian capitals of Susa and Persepolis.

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