By Elizabeth Makowski
WINNER OF THE 2007 historical past of girls non secular amazing ebook AWARD
Whether they have been secular canonesses or beguines, tertiaries or Sisters of the typical existence, quasi-religious ladies within the later center a long time lived their lives opposed to a backdrop of fight and lack of confidence ensuing, in huge degree, from their ambivalent criminal prestige. simply because they lacked a number of of the canonical earmarks of non secular girls strictly conversing, that they had to justify their unauthorized lifestyle and to safeguard themselves opposed to organization with those that were branded unorthodox, unruly, or maybe heretical. Ambiguous felony prestige in the prepared Church and the contests to which it gave upward thrust are a continuing topic within the historiography of quasi-religious girls, but there was no full-scale examine of what it intended at legislations to be a mulier religiosa.
This booklet offers a radical exam of the writings of canon legal professionals within the overdue center a while as they arrive to phrases, either of their educational paintings and in addition of their roles as judges and advisers, with girls who weren't, strictly talking, spiritual, yet who have been popularly considered such. It experiences the ways that jurists strove to categorize those ladies and to explain the occasionally ambivalent canons when it comes to their lives locally. It assesses, between different issues, the level to which legal professionals proved aware of renowned in addition to discovered notions of what constituted non secular existence for girls whilst the pursuits of specific consumers have been at stake.
"A Pernicious kind of Woman" should be an invaluable complement to books dedicated to person quasi-religious ladies or to express manifestations of lady lay piety. will probably be of curiosity to historians of Christianity and experts within the legislations and women's reports in addition to somebody attracted to the background of spiritual women.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Elizabeth Makowski is affiliate Professor of background at Texas kingdom college. She is the writer of Canon legislations and Cloistered Women and coauthor of Wykked Wyves and the Woes of Marriage.
PRAISE FOR THE BOOK:
"This publication will help make clear the context within which ladies built their types of non secular lifestyles and be of use to historians and those that research specific girls or groups that have been attempting to continue to exist in [the later center Ages]."―Magistra
"This booklet is a priceless follow-up to the author's very good monograph Canon legislation and Cloistered Women. . . . there is not any doubt that A Pernicious type of Woman is a prime booklet. Makowski's tale of the formula, reception, and use of the Clementine decrees on quasi-religious girls is a version of ways the ignored, 'elephantine literature' of Fourteenth- and Fifteenth-century canon legislations might be tamed and positioned to solid use. Makowski geared toward a large scholarly viewers and her publication hits the mark: a reader unaware of canon legislations may possibly take with no consideration the lucid summaries of texts that may be relatively intractable. these professional in ecclesiastical legislation will savor this success all of the extra, yet also needs to be glad about the way in which Makowski easily built-in such technical fabric with one of many scorching themes of medieval historiography this day: overdue medieval women's religiosity."―Patrick Nold, Ecclesiastical legislation Journal
"Elizabeth Makowski brilliantly is sensible of the incongruities among canon law's expanding 'crack-down' on spiritual ladies of all kinds and the reality of accelerating numbers of overdue medieval quasi-religious girls. In so doing she has written a necessary booklet for all these embarking at the learn of medieval non secular girls, at the heritage of canon legislation, and at the historical past of these overdue medieval cities and areas that started to persecute beguines and different non secular girls. the significance of this learn is threefold: it constitutes a beneficial creation to the paintings
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Extra resources for "A Pernicious Sort of Woman": Quasi-Religious Women and Canon Lawyers in the Later Middle Ages
Benson and Constable (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982), pp. 299–323 discusses legal literary forms and methodology. See also Brundage, Medieval Canon Law, chapter 3. Attendentes and Secular Canonesses 9 and content of academic glosses also enables us to understand juristic elaborations that might otherwise appear inapposite, or even bizarre, to the modern reader. 12 Guilelmus, a Cluniac monk who received his doctorate in canon law from the University of Paris, taught at the University of Toulouse, and completed his commentary only two years after the formal promulgation of the Clementines.
His gloss on Attendentes can be found in fols. 42–43v, Apparatus in Clementinis, MS Lat. 95, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Library. See Norman Zacour, “Stephanus Hugoneti and his ‘Apparatus’ on the Clementines,” Traditio 17 (1961), pp. 527–30, for more biographical details and information on the dating of his work. 41. 43. 42. Johannes de Imola, In Clementinis (Venice: Andreas Toressanus, de Asula, 1492–93), fol. 136v–137v. For biographical details about Johannes, see, Schulte, QL 2:296–98.
Johannes de Imola, In Clementinis, fol. 136v and fol. 137v, ad verbum: approbare. Attendentes and Secular Canonesses 21 Of course in both the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries there were some canonists who chose not to comment at all on Attendentes, and others, such as Lapus Tactus (fl. 47 To judge from the academic commentary on Attendentes, fourteenth- and fifteenth-century canonists overwhelmingly accepted the notion that secular canonesses were troublesome adjuncts to in44. See Lapus Tactus, Super Libro Sexto decretalium et Clementinus, (Rome, 1589), pp.